ENVIREE project is funded from ERA-MIN programme within the 2nd Joint Call
It focuses on study of recovery of REE from secondary sources
Multidisciplinary consortium involves 11 partners from 8 countries
Project planned for 2015-2017 and led by Chalmers University of Technology
Report on land reclamation procedures published
D4.2 Report on the proposed procedures and techniques for land reclamation by AGH has been published.
Webpage on ENVIREE Summer School
A dedicated webpage about the ENVIREE Summer School organized in Krakow in April 2017 is available at...
4th ENVIREE Meeting and School
The 4th ENVIREE project meeting and Enviree School on Rare Earth Elements recovery and environmental issues is...
D2.1 Report on the most suitable combined pretreatment, leaching and purification processes
D2.1 report by CEA and BRGM has been published.
Basics on REE
Rare Earth Elements (REE) are 17 elements including 15 lanthanides (La to Lu), scandium and yttrium. They share many of their properties, both chemical and physical and they naturally occur together in various types of mineral deposits. Rare earth elements are relatively abundant in the Earth’s crust, however they are usually not concentrated in economically exploitable ores.
Current estimates of available reserves exceed annual world production by three orders of magnitude.
Why we need REE
Historically the material group with the highest societal need is the metals. Many of them exist in abundance and in addition, for base metals like iron, copper etc., good recycling procedures exists.
However, even if this recycling was even more effective it would still not meet the demand.
Sources of REE
World resources are primarily coming from minerals bastnäsite and monazite. Bastnäsite ( China and USA) provides the largest percentage of the world's production. Monazite deposits (Australia, South America, China, India, Malaysia, South Africa, and others) are the second largest. Other important REE-bearing minerals include apatite, cheralite, eudialyte, loparite, phosphorites, REE-bearing clays, spent uranium solutions, and xenotime.
In addition to the primary sources and leaving aside recycling of REE from end-of-life products as other source, tailings and other by-products from previous mining activities may also hold significant amounts of REE.